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Global Karate Do - Shotokan Techniques

Karate practice is divided into:

  • Kihon (drilling of stances, blocks, punches, strikes and kicks)
  • Kata (pre-arranged forms simulating combat situations)
  • Kumite (sparring)
  • In each category, the beginner is given instruction at the most basic level until the techniques become spontaneous. As the student progresses technically, he or she progresses physically as well, and advanced practices demand greater stamina. At this stage, the student becomes involved with more intricate and difficult katas and more dynamic forms of kumite. As the student approaches black belt level, technique, stamina, speed, and coordination become natural as a result of strong practice. It is at this stage that the serious student discovers that his or her study of karate has only just begun. The object of true karate practice is the perfection of oneself through the perfection of the art.

    STANCES
    Japanese Name Translation
    Hachinoji-dachi Ready Stance
    Zenkutsu-dachi Front Stance
    Koh-kutsu-dachi Back Stance
    Kiba-dachi Horse Stance
    Neko-dachi Cat Stance
    Fudoh-dachi Immovable Stance
    Sanchin-dachi Hourglass Stance
    Hangetsu-dachi Half Moon Stance
    HAND BLOCKS
    Japanese Name Translation
    Age-uke Rising Block
    Ude-uke Arm [Outside] Block
    Soto-uke Outside Block
    Uchi-uke Inside Block
    Gedan Barai Down Block, Lower-Level Sweep
    Shuto-uke Knife-Hand Block
    Nagashi-uke Deflecting [Flushing] Block
    Kakiwake-uke Two-Handed [Separating] Block
    Juuji-uke Two-Handed [Cross] Block
     
    HAND ATTACKS
    Japanese Name Translation
    Tsuki Punch
    Oi-zuki Lunge Punch
    Gyaku-zuki Reverse Punch
    Kizami-zuki Jab Punch
    Nukite Spear-hand [Thrust]
    Ura-ken Back Hand [Strike]
    Empi Elbow [Strike]
    LEG ATTACKS
    Japanese Name Translation
    Keri Kick
    Mae-geri Front [Snap] Kick
    Mawashi-geri Round House Kick
    [Yoko-geri] Kekomi Side Thrust Kick
    [Yoko-geri] Keage Side Snap Kick
    Ushiro-geri Back [Thrust] Kick
    KATA
    Japanese Name
    Translation
    Heian Shodan Peaceful Mind One
    Heian Nidan Peaceful Mind Two
    Heian Sandan Peaceful Mind Three
    Heian Yodan Peaceful Mind Four
    Heian Godan Peaceful Mind FiveUniverse
    Tekki Shodan Horse Riding One
    Tekki Nidan Horse Riding Two
    Tekki Sandan Horse Riding Three
    Bassai ( Dai & Sho ) To Penetrate A Fortress
    Kanku ( Dai & Sho ) To Look At The Sky
    Hangetsu Half Moon
    Jitte Ten Hands
    Empi Flying Swallow
    Gankaku Crane On A Rock
    Jion Name of a Buddhist Temple
    Jiin Named after the saint
    Chinte Incredible hands
    Nijushi Ho 24 steps
    Gojushi Ho Dai & Sho 54 steps
    Unsu Hands of a cloud
    Wankan Crown of a king
    Meikyo Mirror of the soul
    Sochin Preserve Peace

    KUMITE
    Japanese Name
    Translation
    Ippon Kumite One-Time Engagement
    Sanbon Kumite Three-Time Engagement
    Gohon Kumite Five-Time Engagement
    Jiyu-Ippon Kumite Continuous, Alternating
    "One-Time Engagement"
    Jiyu Kumite Continuous, Controlled
    Attacks or Counterattacks
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